National Institute of Standards and Technology

Technological utopianism refers to the belief that technological development is a moral good, which can and should bring about a utopia, that is, a society in which laws, governments, and social conditions serve the needs of all its citizens. Examples of techno-utopian goals include post-scarcity economics, life extension, mind uploading, cryonics, and the creation of artificial superintelligence. Major techno-utopian movements include transhumanism and singularitarianism. Estimates on the advent of artificial general intelligence vary, but half of machine learning experts surveyed in 2018 believe that AI will “accomplish every task better and more cheaply” than humans by 2063, and automate all human jobs by 2140.

Below, we lay out these considerations for all 14 technology trends, so that you can better understand them and consider how they relate to your organization. At the bottom of this page, you can download detailed profiles of all these trends or download a customized PDF containing profiles of the trends you choose. OCCUPATION JOB SUMMARY ENTRY-LEVEL EDUCATION 2021 MEDIAN PAY Computer and Information Research Scientists Computer and information research scientists design innovative uses for new and existing computing technology. IEEE is the world’s largest technical professional organization dedicated to advancing technology for the benefit of humanity.

Computer Support Specialists Computer support specialists maintain computer networks and provide technical help to computer users. Computer Programmers Computer programmers write, modify, and test code and scripts that allow computer software and applications to function properly. Overall employment in computer and information technology occupations is projected to grow 15 percent from 2021 to 2031, much faster than the average for all occupations; this increase is expected to result in about 682,800 new jobs over the decade.

  • The invention of polished stone axes was a major advance because it allowed forest clearance on a large scale to create farms.
  • Researchers use state-of-the-art algorithms but it also comes down to lots of scrolling and reading.
  • We offer exceptional learning experiences that prepare students to be successful wherever in the world their career may take them.
  • NIST’s portfolio of services for measurements, standards, and legal metrology provide solutions that ensure measurement traceability, enable quality assurance, and harmonize documentary standards and regulatory practices.

For description of the materials that are both the object and means of manipulating the environment, see elastomers; industrial ceramics; industrial glass; metallurgy; mineral deposit; mineral processing; mining; plastic. For the generation of energy, see energy conversion; coal mining; coal utilization; petroleum production; petroleum refining. For the techniques of construction technology, see bridge; building construction; canals and inland waterways; dam; harbours and sea works; lighthouse; roads and highways; tunnels and underground excavations; environmental works. For the manufacture and design of the means of transportation, see aerospace industry; automotive industry; ship construction. For communications technology, see broadcasting; computer science; information processing; photography; printing; photoengraving; typography; telecommunication. For the processes and products of other manufacturing industries, see adhesive; clothing and footwear industry; dye; explosive; floor covering; forestry; chemical industry; man-made fibre; surface coating; papermaking; soap and detergent; textile.

Notable cyberpunk works include William Gibson’s Neuromancer novel, and movies like Blade Runner, and The Matrix. Between the 1970s and 1990s, American terrorist Ted Kaczynski carried out a series of bombings across America and published the Unabomber Manifesto denouncing technology’s negative impacts on nature and human freedom. Technology’s central role in our lives has drawn concerns and backlash.


IEEE is a leader in engineering and technology education, providing resources for pre-university, university, and continuing professional education. Engineering is the goal-oriented process of designing and making tools and systems to exploit natural phenomena for practical human means, often using results and techniques from science. The development of technology may draw upon many fields of knowledge, including scientific, engineering, mathematical, linguistic, and historical knowledge, to achieve some practical result. Technology can be viewed as an activity that forms or changes culture. Additionally, technology is the application of math, science, and the arts for the benefit of life as it is known.

Medical Data Recording and Processing

An array of Neolithic artifacts, including bracelets, axe heads, chisels, and polishing tools. Evidence was found, however, to suggest that full adopters of the technology had more profitable farms than partial adopters. However, unlike technology improvements, optimal tariffs will hurt the poor region.

At AUT we know that an influential lecturer or a memorable educational experience can open up new possibilities. Having always wanted to help people, Monique Cooper was inspired when her lecturer showed her that her engineering degree could make a positive impact on the world. Now Monique is one of our great graduates sharing how they found the greatness within them. With over 250 university programmes, we’re sure to share your passion. European universities enhancing the quality of education and research. Petra Wadström, inventor of solar powered water purifier Solvatten, receives KTH Great Prize 2022.

It all starts with our rigorous, hands-on degree programs in engineering, science, aeronautics, business, psychology and liberal arts. As tools increase in complexity, so does the type of knowledge needed to support them. Moreover, these tools have become so complex that a comprehensive infrastructure of technical knowledge-based lesser tools, processes and practices exist to support them, including engineering, medicine, and computer science. Complex manufacturing and construction techniques and organizations are needed to construct and maintain them.